|How to grow Potatoes A Complete Tutorial|
A herbaceous perennial, the potato plant (Solanum tuberosum) yields edible tuberous crops that form underground. It belongs to the Solanaceae family. The plant prefers fertile, well-drained, somewhat acidic soils. Towards the end of their growing season, potato plants produce red, white, pink, purple, or blue flowers (3-4 months after planting). The plant can grow up to 20 inches tall (50cm). The majority of the roots in the upper 2 feet (60 cm) of soil are found in the potato's very short root system. Three to twenty-five potatoes can be produced by each healthy potato plant.
Contrary to popular perception, a potato plant may produce potatoes without bees or any other pollinator. The plant still requires pollinators, though, in order for the flowers to develop "real seeds." Potato plants yield little green fruits with actual seeds after flowering. It is possible to grow potatoes from real seeds, but different potatoes with varied traits are the end product. One of the top goals of potato growers is uniformity, which is why the majority of them prefer planting seed potatoes, which result in clones of the mother type. Although they are chosen for having desired qualities, seed potatoes are simply regular potatoes, just like the ones we eat. Also, they are examined for the presence of certain disorders. Like tomatoes, peppers, and other crops, potatoes are perennial plants by nature. Nonetheless, we grow potatoes as annual plants since they must be dug out, uprooted, and so destroyed in order to be harvested.
How to grow Potatoes
In a nutshell, during the late winter and early spring (February to April in most locations) or the summer, we sow potato seeds in "hills" in sunny areas of our field (July-August in most areas). We can typically harvest the potatoes that have grown underground three to four months after sowing. We plow deeply after the harvest to obliterate the remaining plants. In general, it is not advisable to grow potatoes in the same field for more than two years straight since the soil will be exhausted and the risk of disease spread will be greatly increased.
Initially, we buy the potato seeds. Choosing certified disease-free potato seeds from reliable vendors is a smart idea. Although they are chosen for having desired qualities, seed potatoes are simply regular potatoes, just like the ones we eat. Also, they are sterilized or examined for the presence of certain diseases. Alternately, we can plant potatoes that we've already purchased from the grocery store, but this needs expert selection, and the amount and final weight of the potatoes we get will be significantly smaller. The majority of farmers and gardeners fragment the potato seeds (there are pros and cons in cutting the potatoes). Make sure each component has at least one eye bud. Larger potato tubers (diameter > 45 mm) can typically be sliced, whilst smaller tubers are planted intact. The seed potato pieces are kept in a dry location for two days. The flesh (surface) of the potato that we have cut should then typically have a crust on it. We are then prepared to begin planting.
Before planting seed potatoes, it is required to deeply till the soil and remove any pebbles. "Hills" are used to cultivate potatoes. First, we create a channel or trench that is 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) deep. The amount of potato seeds we have will determine how long the trench is. The distance between the first and second trenches must be at least 28 inches (70 cm). We place the potato sets (pieces) inside the trench at least 10 inches (25 cm) apart from one another. After that, we level out our field by filling in the trenches with dirt. Therefore, by making hills, we must "dirt up" our crops. We take this action because growing potatoes on a level surface will not promote the health and yield of our potato plants. We can also identify the precise location of our sowing rows by earthing up the soil in the trenches. The space between grooves is frequently used by farmers as an irrigation channel. As a result, we must hill them by piling soil around the base of the plants at a height of about 4 inches (10 cm) from each side of the row.
We typically see our healthy, fully developed potato plants two months after planting. We might need to re-earth our crops at that point to keep any potatoes from breaking the surface and becoming exposed to the sun. The potatoes will probably turn green and become unfit for human food if they are exposed to sunlight. If necessary, we can also think about fertilizer application at that time (two months following planting), whether it be foliar or soil-based (it depends on the field – every field is different and has different needs). By carefully examining the shape and color of leaves, we must additionally look for pests and illnesses. Potato has specific water needs, although the frequency of irrigation depends on your field's evapotranspiration and climate. You may need to irrigate your plants once a week to once a month during the growing season if there are no rains in your area.
Growing Potatoes for Profit
Soil Preparation and Soil Requirements for Potatoes
Potato Planting Seeding Rate and Plant Spacing
Potato Fertilizer Requirements
Potato Water Requirements and Irrigation Systems
|Potato Water Requirements and Irrigation Systems|
Potato Pests and Diseases
Potato Harvest Yield & Storage
|Potato Harvest Yield & Storage|